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百岁两院院士陆元九:把一生精力献给中国航天事业

2021-07-31   网易

2021-07-31 21:44:09 来源: 要点早知道

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运载火箭、载人飞船、人造卫星……它们都必须装备可以在任何地方、不依赖任何环境、不受任何干扰的惯性导航系统。在中国,这一尖端领域的探路者就是陆元九。

1937年,17岁的陆元九考取了重庆中央大学航空工程系,之后赴美留学,获得世界上第一个惯性导航博士学位。新中国成立后,在美国工作的他,一心要回到故土、报效祖国。陆元九与家人历经艰辛,终于在1956年踏上回国之路。

作为中国自动化科学技术的开拓者之一,陆元九最先提出“回收卫星”的概念,创造性地运用自动控制观点和方法对陀螺及惯性导航原理进行论述,为“两弹一星”工程及航天重大工程建设作出了卓越贡献。

2021年,中共中央授予101岁的陆元九“七一勋章”。



Lu Yuanjiu, a pioneer of automation science and technology, has dedicated his life to China's aerospace industry. In 1945, at the age of 25, Lu went to the United States to study and received the world's first doctorate degree in inertial navigation. However, after the founding of the People's Republic of China, he resolutely resigned from his job in the United States and was determined to return and serve his motherland. Lu has made outstanding contributions to the "two bombs and one satellite" project and the construction of major aerospace projects. In 2021, He was awarded the July 1 Medal, the highest honor given by the Communist Party of China.


陆元九
中国科学院院士
中国工程院院士
飞行器控制、制导与仿真专家